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Fascicolo 28.1/2018

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top_DOWNLOADNICOLA BOTTIGLIERI – «Azul…». Il giardino delle parole

Abstract: «Azul… The Garden of the Words». Reading Azul… can be compared to a walk in a city park during which thepoet praises to his (or maybe her) reader the beauties of the place. This reading-stroll may start in one of the great boulevards of prose or poetry, taking a break in the most seducing areas and getting to know intriguing clearings. This garden of paper, as Baudelaire’s Les fleures du mal (1837), Whitman’s Leaves of Grass (1855) and Lee Master’s Spoon River Anthology, has a circular structure comparable to an enclosed space that gives unity to a work made of fragments, like a a bunch composed ofsingle inebriating flowers, blades of a lush grass or headstones of a countryside graveyard.

Key words: Azul… – Garden – Enclosure – Reader – Index.

top_DOWNLOADFABIOLA CECERE – Rasgos de un modernismo ‘espectral’ en la obra poética
de Virgilio Piñera y Julián del Casal

Abstract: «Characteristics of a ‘Spectral’ Modernism in Virgilio Piñera’s and Julián del Casal’s Poetry». Based on the notion of «spectral modernism» proposed by the historian and critic Rafael Rojas, this article analyses, in a comparative and contrastive approach, some poems written by the Cuban authors Virgilio Piñera (1912-1979) and Julián del Casal (1863-1893). With that concept, the critic refers to the relation Piñera establishes with his predecessor, whose work is considered as the highest literary moment in the Cuban modernist aesthetics. The Rojas’ «spectral modernism» above all describes the hostility perceived by both authors towards the insular context, regarded as an oppressive reality. The essay aims to examine the literary topics through which is possible to verify an effective dialogue between Piñera poems and the modernist Casal’s works: above all I’ll take into account some features like the subjectivism proposed as a ‘damned and nostalgic being’ and the national consciousness expressed through different items in relation to the predominant modernist proposals. The conclusions underline important analogies between the two authors, but also confirm Piñera’s transgressor poetic action in relation to the previous Cuban literary tradition.

Key words: Virgilio Piñera – Julián del Casal – Modernism –Insularity – Coldness.

top_DOWNLOAD VICENTE CERVERA SALINAS – «La gaia scienza» di Nietzsche nell’origine del modernismo letterario

Riassunto: Questo articolo  presenta la relazione tra l’estetica del modernismo letterario e la filosofia di Friedrich Nietzsche. La teoria filosofica del pensatore tedesco sull’arte  e  la  sua  reazione all’imperativo del positivismo si riflette in opere come Aurora o La gaia scienza. Questa scienza felice e sana si oppone alla tradizione filosofica idealista ed è alla base del pensiero creativo che sarà mostrato nel lavoro dei principali artisti del Modernismo, come Rubén Darío, in America, o Ramón María del Valle-Inclán, in Spagna.

Parole chiave: Modernismo – Filosofia – Nietzsche – Rubén Darío.

top_DOWNLOADMICHELA CRAVERI – Imaginarios urbanos en la poesía de Nuevo Signo

Abstract: «Urban Imagery in Nuevo Signo’s Poetry». The members of the literary group known as Nuevo Signo, born in Guatemala in 1968, have several elements in common: almost all of them belong to the same generation, almost all of them came from the country and they all share an interest in reflecting on the destiny and nature of the Guatemalan people. Despite their origin, from the inside of the Republic, they all arrived to Guatemala City,  and in there, they created relations of friendship and intellectual exchange. In this city is where they reflect on the contradictions of the modernity of their country, on the dynamics between the center and the periphery, the urban areas and the rural villages, as well as on tradition and technological progress. In this paper I propose a reflection on the conception of urban modernity in the poetry of Nuevo Signo, its meaning in the social dynamics of Guatemala and its role in the political context of the Sixties and Seventies.

Key words: Nuevo Signo– 20th Century Guatemalan Poetry – Luis Alfredo Arango – Delia Quiñónez – Francisco Morales Santos – José Luis Villatoro – Julio Fausto Aguilera.

top_DOWNLOADFEDERICO DETTORI – Le cronache di José Martí per «La Opinión Nacional».
Giornalismo, modernità e violenza

Riassunto: L’epoca della modernità che José Martí visse a New York, quella dei «ruines tiempos», dell’implosione di un ordine e del sorgere ancora enigmatico di un altro ordine, trova nel genere della ‘cronaca’ il laboratorio che permette al cubano di elaborare una strategia di interpretazione e di presentazione transculturale della modernità nordamericana ai destinatari del suo lavoro giornalistico. Il nesso tra una esperienza di vita marcata dalla violenza coloniale e dalla condizione di intellettuale esiliato che si confronta con i tratti violenti propri dell’esplosione della modernità capitalistica, e il genere della cronaca giornalistica, è uno dei fondamenti, da un lato, del profondo rinnovamento della prosa in lingua spagnola apportato da Martí e, dall’altro, dell’elaborazione del grande progetto culturale ed etico di una ‘modernità altra’ per la nuestra América. Attraverso l’analisi di alcune delle Escenas norteamericanas pubblicate su La Opinión Nacional di Caracas tra il 1881 e il 1882, si cercherà di rilevare la presenza di una ‘scrittura della violenza’ come motore della costante sperimentazione che caratterizza la prosa martiana, che si apre al pluristilismo e a nuove forme di montaggio ‘cinematografico’, arrivando a superare i confini tra prosa e poesia.

Parole chiave: José Martí – Escenas norteamericanas – Cronaca – Modernità – Violenza.

top_DOWNLOADMARA IMBROGNO – La fragile presenza di Dio nei racconti di Manuel Gutiérrez Nájera

Riassunto: Questo articolo analizza la raccolta Cuentos frágiles, di Manuel Gutiérrez Nájera, focalizzandosi sui riferimenti alla divinità individuati nei racconti che la compongono. Dopo aver esaminato il ruolo svolto nel testo dalle citazioni bibliche, si passa all’analisi della presenza (o assenza) nelle narrazioni di Dio come elemento tematico, con l’intento di evidenziare che l’evanescenza della figura divina nei Cuentos frágiles di Nájera riflette una profonda crisi religiosa ed esistenziale dell’autore.

Parole chiave: Manuel Gutiérrez Nájera – Cuentos frágiles – Dio – Citazioni bibliche – Modernismo e religione.

top_DOWNLOADPAOLA MANCOSU – Civilización y barbarie en el pensamiento de Gamaliel Churata

Abstract:«Civilisation and Barbarism in Gamaliel Churata’s Thought». This article analyses the oppositions between ‘civilisation’ and ‘barbarism’, and ‘nature’ and ‘culture’ in the Resurrección de los muertos of the peruvian writer Gamaliel Churata. The reflection on these dichotomics terms is central in the thought of author. This work demostrates how Churatarealises its overcoming, using different discoursive strategies in a dialogue with the Western tradition thought. The author discutes the frontier that defines the wilderness and the civilised, and the criteria that marks the civilisation itself, such as writing, progress, ‘race’ and patriarchy. Furthermore, it shows how Churata resemantises the figure of the cannibal  and  the  concept  of  anthropophagy,  rhetoric  constructions  of  the  colonial discourse used in the context of conquest and colonisation of America to delegitimise the indigenous ontologies. Through a discourse that embrace an aesthetical, ontological, and political level, Churata try to destructuring dominant/dominated hierarchies.

Key words: Civilisation – Barbarism – Churata – Resurrección de los muertos – Anthropophagy.

top_DOWNLOADCELINA MANZONI – Darío y sus precursores. «Los raros» en un nuevo siglo: Borges, Bolaño y Vila-Matas

Abstract:«Darío and his Precursors. Los raros in a New Century: Borges, Bolaño and Vila-Matas». Los raros, published in 1896, collects the lives of artist that Rubén Darío had been publishing in La Nación of Buenos Aires; the book is constituted as something else interesting than an anthology. Reedited in 1905, may be seen like a brotherhood, a literary space where the author recognizes himself and wishes to be included in two moments of his career that combines aesthetic change and international projection. His inclusive gesture dialogues with the notion of precursor, the biography of artist and the criticism of canon at our last end of our century.

Key words: Los raros – Lifes of artist – Borges – Bolaño – Vila-Matas.

top_DOWNLOADRAFFAELLA ODICINO – Modernismo y traducción: un enfoque americano

Abstract: «Modernism and Translation: an American Approach». In the complexity of the aesthetic-cultural modernization process that emerged during the last decades of XIX century in Latin America, translation occupies a relevant, but little researched space. However, Latin American literary Modernism shows the interest in translation, which isone of the main sources of assimilation and appropriation of European models. The aim of this work is to emphasize the contribution of the aesthetic-cultural Latin American modernist project to current translation through the cannibalistic theory of translation, developed in the 60s by the Brazilian poet, critic and translator Haroldo de Campos, resuming the anthropophagic metaphor presented in the Anthropophagic Manifest by Oswald de Andrade (1928).

Key words: Modernism and Translation – Transcreation – Cannibalistic theory of translation.

 

top_DOWNLOADFEDERICA ROCCO  – Alejandra Pizarnik entre modernidad y post-modernismos

 

Abstract:«Alejandra Pizarnik between Modernity and Post-Modernisms». The idea of a ‘salvation tale’ is connected, in Pizarnik’s works, to the necessity of finding a prose that expresses her antidogmatic, antibourgeois and iconoclastic sexuality. During her last years Pizarnik wrote several erotic and humoristic dialogues full of postmodern linguistic and textual strategies such as inter and intratextuality, metafiction, pastiche and parody. This is the reason why her exuberant and chaotic polyphonic game of voices refers also to the latinamerican Neo-Baroque.

Key words: Pizarnik – Modernity – Postmodernism.

top_DOWNLOADLUCA SALVI – Contra la Esfinge. El paradigma edípico en la modernidad hispanoamericana

 

Abstract: «Against the Sphinx. The Oedipal Paradigm in the Hispanic American Modernity». Observing the socio-cultural incongruities that always characterize the manifestations of modernity in peripheral and postcolonial contexts, Hispanic-American Modernism provided a reading of the modern that had as an essential axis the confirmation of the distortion of the modernization processes in the subcontinent. Modernity was thus affirmed in the manner of an incomprehensible and enigmatic formulation. Hence the need to rescue and revive the traditional figures of the Sphinx and Oedipus, as symbolic concretions capable of expressing philosophically and aesthetically the conflictive forms of a problematic and deformed socio-cultural  environment. According  to  these  premises,  the  article  aims  to  analyse  the  roles  that  the  Oedipal imaginary plays in the modernist formulations of modernity, highlighting, in particular, the genealogical connections that it establishes between the peripheral cultures and the occidental’smodern conceptuality, prismatically complicating the cultural and identitary claims of a modernity that is still forced to think itself in the margins, but contradictorily using the conceptual tools of the centre.

Key words: Hispanic-American Modernism – Modernity – Coloniality – Peripheral – Imaginaries.

top_DOWNLOADSTEFANO TEDESCHI – Rubén Darío in un altro centenario

Riassunto: Nel 1967 Casa de las Américas convocò un incontro di intellettuali e poeti, che si svolse a Varadero tra il 16 e il 22 di gennaio per il centenario della nascita di Rubén Darío. L’incontro prevedeva il convergere di due modalità di interventi, strettamente collegati tra loro: una serie di analisi e proposte critiche dovevano collegarsi a una riunione di poeti latinoamericani, destinata a costruire una sorta di antología en vivo, che nello stesso tempo poteva essere considerata sia come una revisione critica della figura di Darío che come una mostra delle forze poetiche più incisive di un fondamentale decennio delle lettere latinoamericane. Da quell’incontro celebrativo nacquero i numeri monografici di due riviste culturali, legate dal fatto che uno dei partecipanti lavorava contemporaneamente in entrambe: il numero 42 di Casa de las Américas, intitolato Encuentro con Rubén Darío e il numero 2 di Carte Segrete,  rivista dell’avanguardia intellettuale italiana, di cui era vicedirettore all’epoca Gianni Toti, uno dei più attivi e originali protagonisti delle relazioni culturali tra Italia e America Latina. Il contributo vuole mostrare come le due riviste ricostruirono quell’evento, quali posizioni si confrontarono in esso e il ruolo di Gianni Toti nell’incontro e nella sua diffusione.

Parole chiave: Rubén Darío – Gianni Toti – Casa de las Américas.

 

top_DOWNLOADPACO TOVAR – Huella de Rubén Darío en la conciencia poética de Vicente Huidobro. El ruiseñor está contento de ambas melodías

 

Abstract: «Rubén Darío’s Prints in Vicente Huidobro’s Poetic Consciousness. The Nightingale is Happy for Both Melodies». Rubén Darío already outlined the terms of his modernist poetics in 1888 (“Catulle Mendès. Parnasianos y decadentes”, insisted on his aesthetic creed in 1986 (“Los colores del estandarte”) and confirmed all this by writing his “Preface” to Cantos de vida y esperanza and compose his “Dilucidaciones” for El canto errante. This is how Darío, assuming guidance and rejecting ineffective exhibitionism, reveals aesthetic principles based on an expressive freedom of particular mood, always defending «íntimas ideas» and «caros ensueños». The poet thus fulfills a goldenrule: «be yourself». Vicente Huidobro recognizes the aesthetic principles of Rubén Darío, and the value of his literary counterpart, in 1912, by then asking himself questions: Why did the father of modern poetry suffer attacks and scorn, why did they take so long to understand it? The teaching of Rubén Darío is unquestionable; nor is it worth questioning the successes of the historical avant-garde, being Huidobro and his creationism, according Saúl Yurkievic, his true precursor in Hispano-America. The Huidobrian aesthetic, recognizes teachers, coins its present and announces future achievements, always pressing, with true freedom, love, poetry and analysis. Something of all that already sounds in Rubén Darío.

Key words: Aesthetic – Literature – Poetry – Modernism – Vanguard – Creacionismo.

 

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